• 3 or more servings of milk a day connected to higher mortality in women

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    Drinking three or more glasses of milk per day may be harmful to women's health, a new study suggests.

    Women in the study who downed at least three glasses of milk a day were nearly twice as likely to die over the next 20 years compared with their peers who drank less than a glass daily, researchers in Sweden found. In addition, the study found that women's risk of bone fracture climbed steadily as their milk intake increased.

    The culprit could be galactose, a simple sugar found in milk, said Karl Michaelsson, a professor at Uppsala University in Sweden and one of the study's authors. "That compound might induce oxidative stress and low-grade inflammation, and that type of inflammation can affect mortality and fractures," Michaelsson told Live Science. "The funny thing is that if you provide galactose to experimental animals, they will die faster by induction of oxidative stress and inflammation."

    The U.S. Department of Agriculture recommends that adults get the equivalent of 3 cups of milk daily, based on the idea that dairy is good for the bones, and may reduce heart disease risk. But there's actually little scientific evidence to support these recommendations, the study authors said.

    Given the harmful effects of galactose in animals, Michaelsson and his team hypothesized that higher milk consumption in humans would be associated with more oxidative stress and, therefore, a greater risk of fractures and mortality over a period of time. [5 Wacky Things That Are Good for Your Health]

    Their study included 61,433 women who were ages 39 to 74 at the study's start, and 45,339 men ages 45 to 79. All of the study participants reported on their diet at the beginning of the study period.

    The women were followed for 20 years, on average. During that time, 15,541 died and 17,252 had fractures, including 4,259 hip fractures. After the researchers took into account factors like age, body mass index and alcohol consumption, they found that women who drank three or more glasses of milk daily were 1.93 times more likely to die during the follow-up period than those who drank less than a glass of milk daily.

    The risk of death during the 20-year period rose by 15 percent with each daily glass of milk consumed, the researchers also found.

    Perhaps unexpectedly, higher milk consumption was linked with an increased likelihood of fractures, including hip fractures, the researchers found. Although its not clear what mechanism may underlie this possible link, it could be that a greater intake of galactose increases the levels of oxidative stress and inflammation in the body, making fractures more likely, according to the researchers.

    Among the men, who were followed for an average of about 11 years, there was no association between mortality or fractures and milk consumption, according to the findings, which were published on Oct. 28 in the journal The BMJ.

    But dairy lovers need not despair. The researchers found that fermented milk products, like cheese and yogurt — which contain little or no galactose — had the opposite effect: Women who ate or drank the most fermented milk products were less likely to die or sustain fractures during the study. Women's mortality and hip-fracture risk declined by 10 to 15 percent with each daily serving, the study found.

    The researchers also looked at markers of oxidative stress and inflammation in a subset of study participants. Both men and women who drank more milk had higher levels of a compound called 8-iso-PGF2a, which is a marker of oxidative stress in the body found in urine.

    Milk consumption was also positively associated with levels of interleukin 6, a marker of inflammation, in men, but not in women. However, a higher intake of fermented milk products (aside from cheese) was linked with lower levels of these markers.

    People shouldn't change their dietary habits based on the findings of a single study, Michaelsson said. But he admitted he quit drinking milk two years ago, and opts for yogurt instead. "I've been involved in this research area for several decades now," he said. "This last study really convinced me."

    In future research, Michaelsson said, he and his colleagues would like to see if the effect of milk on mortality is modified by antioxidant intake.

    In an editorial accompanying the new study in the journal, C. Mary Schooling, a professor at the City University of New York School of Public Health at Hunter College, wrote that the findings "raise a fascinating possibility about the potential harms of milk, with an interesting inner mechanism" involving galactose.

    The idea that galactose may be involved is consistent with evidence from other studies, wrote Schooling, who was not involved in the new research.

    However, she noted that the new findings "should be interpreted cautiously, though, because the authors rely on observational — not experimental — evidence, potentially reflecting correlation, not causation."Read more here:pink prom dresses uk

  • A Hypochondriac's Guide To Staying Healthy For The Wedding

    Brides have plenty to worry about the week of their wedding, but if you're a bit of a hypochondriac (like some over us here, oops!) you can also add staying healthy to your list of concerns. To calm your worrying mind, here are five ways to make sure your maintain your health the week of the wedding. We also suggest that you just stay off WebMD -- forever -- for all of our sakes.

    1. Avoid the undercooked.

    Salmonella poisoning, while not common, is a real thing. If you're truly concerned about maintaining tip-top health, avoid raw fish, eggs, and meat the week of your wedding. You probably will be fine eating that steak tartar or tuna sashimi, but with an event as big as your wedding coming up, why risk it?

    2. Plan ahead.

    Stress is not only mentally taxing, it also weakens your immune system. To keep your immunity high, get as much as possible done well in advance of the week of the wedding. We know, it's easier said than done and last minute issues will come up, but your body will appreciate the forethought.

    3. Up the vitamins.

    Proactively counteract stress by upping your intake of vitamins in the weeks leading up to your wedding. Incorporate foods rich in Vitamin C -- like bell peppers, citrus, or broccoli -- into your diet to prevent colds.

    4. Sleep!

    Catching your zzzz's is a crucial part of staying healthy. Sleep not only boosts your immune system, it also keeps your skin glowing, your mood pleasant, and your mind sharp -- all essentials in our book. If wedding planning has your mind too scrambled to sleep, consider taking a natural melatonin supplement to help you doze off.

    5. Wash your hands.

    Yes, you're a functioning adult with good hygiene so you likely know to wash your hands, but did you know you should suds up at least five times a day? Doing so cuts your risk of illness nearly in half, so excuse us while we go run to the nearest sink ...Read more here:short prom dresses uk | long prom dresses uk

  • Is there a healthy way to celebrate Halloween? Suffolk health Nikki Edwards shares her top tips

    Anyone with children will understand the perils of trick or treating.

    You dress them up like little witches and wizards and send them out into the night, where they return a couple of hours later with a mountain of sweets.

    Then, after they have gone to bed, buzzing with e-numbers, you dig into the sweet stuff yourself.

    Yes, it’s a one-off. A single sugar-rush.

    Sweets are traditionally handed out to trick or treaters
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    Sweets are traditionally handed out to trick or treatersBut although it’s OK to treat yourself once in a while, the trick is to keep it to a minimum.

    And this of course applies to the children too.

    In this country we are facing an obesity ticking time bomb. We also have more teeth cavities in young people than ever before.

    So curbing the quantity of junk foods your little ones scoff is a very good idea.

    Halloween is here
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    Halloween is hereThe reality

    Based on the nutrition labels on popular sweets, the average child accumulates 3,500 to 7,000 calories worth of treats on Halloween night.

    And according to a recent report, a 100-pound child who consumed all of those treats – or 7,000 calories –would have to walk for nearly 44 hours to burn them off.

    Will you be letting your children out trick or treating?

    Will you be letting your children out trick or treating?Puts it into perspective, doesn’t it?

    But, don’t worry. I am not a complete party pooper.

    I realise Halloween is about having fun. I just have a few solutions about how to make it a little bit less of an exercise in over-indulgence.

    My top tips

    1. Set your limits

    Limit your child to a certain number of sweets on Halloween, then put the stash out of reach and allow them one a day until it has gone. Let your children know the limits beforehand so it doesn’t come as a nasty surprise.

    2. Add balance

    Make an agreement with your child. For every sweet they eat, they must also eat a piece of fresh fruit.

    3. Use different treats

    There are plenty of non-sweet alternatives to offer trick or treaters. Most shops have a ready supply of yo-yos, bubbles and temporary tattoos which you can even hand out to your neighbours beforehand, asking them to give them to your child instead of sweets! For some of us, this requires a little too much preparation but you could always trade your child’s sweets for toys when they get home, as long as you don’t eat their sweets yourself!

    4. Feed them first

    The best way to limit the amount of sugar your child consumes on Halloween night is to give them a good meal before you set off. And leave out pudding!

    5. Encourage sharing

    Suggest your child shares out her bounty among her friends.

    6. Buy it back

    Consider offering your child cash in exchange for their Halloween goods. Perhaps they are saving for a special toy? This can give them an incentive to swap. Again, this is not an excuse for you to eat their sweets yourself!

    7. Be a role model

    Restrict the number of sweets you eat. To help avoid temptation, buy sweets at the last minute, choose varieties you dislike and bin any leftovers.

    8. Talk about it

    Discuss how bad eating excess sugar is with your children. Make sure they understand the risks – not just to their general health, but to their teeth as well. Remind them that sweets should be eaten in moderation and to always stop before they feel full or sick.

    9. Remove the packaging

    Children are suckers for brightly coloured wrappers. By stripping all the sweets of their packaging, you might succeed in making them seem less attractive. (OK, it’s a long shot!)

    10. Give it away

    When children get home from trick or treating, have them make two piles: one to keep, another to give away. Consider donating to a local old people’s home or food bank.

    11. Have a party

    A great way to restrict the sweets your children are given by strangers and give you ownership over what they consume. Make plenty of savoury snacks – but give them a ghostly twist with some shape cutters. Happy Halloween!